Whether you’re just starting a business, or you’ve been in business for many years, the term data protection has probably come up as an important consideration. Data protection is one of the most crucial, and oftentimes overlooked aspects of running a business. We’re breaking down data protection basics that anyone can understand, plus helpful terms you may hear during the data protection process.
What is Data Protection?
Data protection is a strategy and process to secure the availability, integrity and privacy of your company’s data. It can also be referred to as information privacy. An organization relies on data protection to collect, handle and store important data and information. When implemented properly, data protection can help prevent theft, loss and potential data breaches.
Data Protection Terminology
Now that you understand what data protection does, let’s review a few terms you may hear when discussing a data protection plan for your business.
- Authentication: This is used by a server when the server needs to know who is trying to access their site or information. The user or computer will need to prove that it can access the information, usually through a username and password combination. Other ways to verify authentication include voice recognition and fingerprints.
- Consent: An unambiguous indication of a data subject’s wish that signifies an agreement to the processing of personal data related to the subject.
- Data Processor: A legal person, public authority, agency or other body that processes personal data on behalf of the controller.
- Encryption: This is the process of transforming data so that it is unreadable by anyone who does not have a decryption key. Encrypting data between a client and a server means less risk that private information will be stolen over the Internet.
- Firewalls: A network security device that monitors network traffic, both incoming and outgoing, and determines whether to block some traffic based on security rules.
- Processing: This covers pretty much anything that has to do with data and what happens to it. Like recording, organizing, retrieving, or even erasing data.
- Third Party: Anyone other than the data subject, the data controller or the data processor. This does not include employees or agents of the data controller or data processor.
- VPN: A Virtual Private Network gives you online privacy and anonymity by creating a private network from a public internet connection. This provides more privacy than a secured Wi-Fi hotspot. Many companies have established these during the pandemic to protect users who work from home.
There’s a great deal to know when it comes to data protection. RedBird Technology provides strategic consulting technology services and managed services to commercial, not for profit and government organizations in Baltimore.